The Demands of Pigs on their Environment and in the Stall
Pigs are -. In the -, too, pigs keep their feeding, resting, and dunging areas strictly separated. For this reason, the stall should always be kept clean and dry, and there should be enough space for its division into these functional areas. Each animal must have enough space for -. These activities allow for the animals' welfare and promote their well-being and -. There are two basic options for housing pigs: unheated and -. If the pigs are kept in unheated stalls with a run, they need time to get used to fluctuating ambient temperatures. Unheated stalls are particularly suitable for robust breeds. A dry, clean, and well protected - should be provided.
The air should contain low levels of ammonia and carbon dioxide. Humidity must be kept between -. Draughts are to be avoided, particularly in heated stalls. Heated stalls must also have an appropriate ventilation system. The temperature should be maintained between - Celsius and changed only gradually. All lying areas must be able to dissipate heat but also insulate from the cold. The loafing and lying areas as well as the runs must be - and pose no risk of injury. This of course applies to all other facilities and installations in the stall and pasture.
Pigs display complex -, which is why they should always be kept in -. If limits are set that affect their natural behaviour, this can result in behavioural problems such as retention of feces, constipation, biting, idle chewing, and other actions. Pigs require various materials with which they can - and live out their natural ways of behaviour. Wild pigs dig, feel, and smell their food in the ground. Simple - and litter (such as straw) are an adequate alternative!